Bahasa Malaysia


Bahasa Malaysia

Bahasa Malaysia (Ba-ha-sa) is the official language of Malaysia. It is an Austronesian language which is also spoken by people from southern Thailand, the Philippines and Singapore.
In sentence construction, the structure is subject-verb-object: Saya (I) suka (love/like) memancing (fishing).
The first greeting you will encounter when you enter Malaysia is Selamat Datang which means Welcome, the direct translation is safe (Se-la-mat) coming (da-tang).
The adjective Selamat (Se-la-mat) which means safe is used quite often in combination to form greetings.

pagi (pa-gi) morning Selamat pagi Good morning
tengahari (te-nga-ha-ri) noon Selamat tengahari Good afternoon
petang (pe-tang) afternoon/evening Selamat petang Good afternoon / Good evening
malam (ma-lam) night Selamat malam Good night
jalan (ja-lan) walk/road Selamat jalan Goodbye / safe journey

The adjective Sila (Si-la) which means please is also use in combination to form greetings,

masuk (ma-suk) in/come in sila masuk please come in
makan (ma-kan) eat/to eat sila makan please eat
minum (mi-num) to drink sila minum please drink
duduk (du-duk) sit down sila duduk please sit down
datang (da-tang) come sila datang please come

Here are some of the pronouns used to describe people

saya (sa-ya) I/me aku (a-ku) I/me
awak (a-wak) you anda (an-da) you
kamu (ka-mu) you/you all mereka (me-re-ka) them
kita (ki-ta) we dia (di-a) he/she

Forming questions is quite easy, by combining the questions words (adjectives) with the noun.

apa (a-pa) what/how bila (bi-la) when
di mana (di ma-na) where siapa (sia-pa) who/what
mengapa (me-nga-pa) why yang mana (yang ma-na) which
bagaimana
(ba-gai-ma-na)
how berapa(be-ra-pa) how much

Another usual greeting is “Apa khabar?” which means “How are you?”, the direct translation is what (a-pa) news (kha-bar). Here are some more examples of questions,

Apa nama awak? What is your name?
Mana anda hendak pergi? Where do you want to go? hen-dak (want to), per-gi (go)
Di manakah tandas? Where is the toilet? – tan-das (toilet)

The reciprocated reply is “Khabar baik” which means “I am fine”, direct translation is news (kha-bar) is good (ba-ik).

Nama saya … My name is …
Saya hendak pergi ke … I want to go to …. – ke (to)
Tandas berada di sana. The toilet is there – ber-a-da (is), di sa-na (there)

Here are some common words and phrases

satu (sa-tu) one
se one
dua (du-a) two
tiga (ti-ga) three
empat (em-pat) four
lima (li-ma) five
enam (e-nam) six
tujuh (tu-juh) seven
lapan (la-pan) eight
sembilan (sem-bi-lan) nine
sepuluh (se-pu-luh) ten
sebelas (se-be-las) eleven
belas (be-las) ..teen
lima belas fifteen
seratus (se-ra-tus) one hundred
seribu (se-ri-bu) one thousand
sejuta (se-ju-ta) one million
sifar (si-far) zero
puluh (pu-luh) ten
lima puluh fifty
ratus (ra-tus) hundred
lima ratus five hundred
ribu (ri-bu) thousand
lima ribu five thousand
juta (ju-ta) million
lima juta five million
bas (bas) bus
keretapi (ke-re-ta-pi) train
tandas (tan-das) toilet
hospital (hos-pi-tal) hospital
bank (bank) bank
pejabat (pe-ja-bat) office
pos post
pejabat pos post office
kedutaan (ke-du-ta-an) embassy
wang money
duit (du-it) money
harga (har-ga) price
Isnin (Is-nin) Monday
Selasa (Se-la-sa) Tuesday
Rabu (Ra-bu) Wednesday
Khamis (Kha-mis) Thursday
Jumaat (Ju-ma-at) Friday
Sabtu (Sab-tu) Saturday
Ahad (A-had) Sunday
minggu (ming-gu) week
cuti (cu-ti) holiday
teksi (tek-si) taxi
kereta (ke-re-ta) car
kapal (ka-pal) ship
terbang (ter-bang) fly/to fly
kapal terbang airplanes
lapangan (la-pan-gan) fields
lapangan terbang airfields / airport
minum (mi-num) drink/to drink
minuman (mi-nu-man) beverage/drinks
makan (ma-kan) eat/to eat
makanan (ma-ka-nan) food
barang (ba-rang) things/item
kedai (ke-dai) shops/store
kedai makan food store
rumah (ru-mah) house
tempat (tem-pat) place
tidur (ti-dur) to sleep/sleep
hotel hotel
restoran (res-to-ran) restaurant
stesen (ste-sen) station
bas stesen bus station
polis (po-lis) police
polis stesen police station
mahal (ma-hal) expensive
murah (mu-rah) cheap
sangat (san-gat) very
sangat mahal very expensive
perpustakaan (per-pus-ta-ka-an) library
pengurup wang (pen-gu-rup wang) money changer
waktu (wak-tu) time
hari (ha-ri) day
sekarang (se-ka-rang) now
esok (e-sok) tomorrow
semalam (se-ma-lam) yesterday
pukul … (pu-kul) … o’clock
pensyarah (pen-sya-rah) lecturer
kuliah (ku-li-ah) lecture
dewan (de-wan) hall
dewan kuliah lecture hall
tolong (to-long) help
Faculti (Fa-cul-ti) Faculty
Perubatan Medical/Medicine
   
Sekarang pukul berapa? What is the time now?
Sekarang pukul lima pagi It is 5 am
Dimanakah kedai makan? Where is the food store?
Berapakah harga barang ini? How much is this item?
Bolehkah anda tolong saya? Can you help me please?
Di manakah hospital terdekat? Where is the nearest hospital?